Is Drought the New Normal in the American West?

The drought is more than five years old, temperatures are increasing, and homeowners are replacing their natural grass with synthetic grass.

Has the drought become the new normal for the American west?

California’s water supplies are short, many rivers are low, and forests aredry. Operators of the state’s network of of dams, reservoirs, and canals have cut back water deliveries to 5 percent of normal

Full article at National Geographic 

(ASTM D5848) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 91.10 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 60.41 oz/yd²
Primary Backing Weight: 8.01 oz/yd²
Secondary Backing Weight: 22.68 oz/yd²

(ASTM D5793) – Stitch Count & Gauge
Result: 3.66 Stiches per inch | 1/2” Gauge

(ASTM D1335) Average Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 13.5 lbs/force

(ASTM D5034) – Average Grab Tear
Average Grab Tear-Length, MD: 278 lbs/force
Average Grab Tear-Width, CMD: 258 lbs/force

(ASTM D2859) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass  | Meets 16CFR 1630

(ASTM F355-16e) – Gmax
Result: Gmax 138 / HIC 433

(EN 12616) – Permeability, Infiltrometer
Result: 57.0 inches / hr

(ASTM D3218) – Average Yarn Filament Thickness
Result: Mono 309 microns | 101 microns

(ASTM D2256) – Avg. Yarn Breaking Strength, Elongation
Result: Mono 21.4 lbs / force | Slit 14.9 lbs / force

(ASTM D1907) – Yarn Denier
Result: Mono 10950 | Slit 4789

(FULL TESTING SUMMARY)

(ASTM D 5848-20) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 70.65 oz/yd²  |  STC Standard 40 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 35.43 oz/yd²  |  STC Standard +/- 10%

(ASTM D1335-17e1) Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 6.8 lbs/force  |  STC Standard: 6.8 lbs/forceg

(ASTM F2765-14) – Lead Content
Result:  <0.73 mg/Kg  |  STC Standard: <100 mg/Kg

(ASTM D2859-16) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass  |  STC Standard: 7 out of 8 Pass

(ASTM F1551-09) – Water Permeability
Result: 112.1 in/hr | STC Standard: Greater than 10 in/hr

(ASTM G154-16) – UV
Result: Color: 10 / Texture: 10
Ratings are on a grade scale of 1-10; 10 = Neglibible or No Effect, 9 = Very Slight

(80991H-01) – USGA Stimp Meter
Result: 8.5 Feet

(80991G-01) – Lisport, 1000 cycles

(FULL TESTING SUMMARY)

(ASTM D 5848-20) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 105.76 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 75.35 oz/yd²

(ASTM D1335-17e1) Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 10.5 lbs/force  |  STC Standard: 6.8 lbs/forceg

(ASTM F2765-14) – Lead Content
Result:  <0.5 mg/Kg  |  STC Standard: <100 mg/Kg

(ASTM D2859-16) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass  |  STC Standard: 7 out of 8 Pass

(ASTM F1551-09) – Water Permeability
Result: 264.1 in/hr |STC Standard: Greater than 10 in/hr

(ASTM G154-16) – UV
Result: Color: 10 / Texture: 10
Ratings are on a grade scale of 1-10; 10 = Neglibible or No Effect

(80993G) – Lisport

(FULL TESTING SUMMARY)

(ASTM D 5848-20) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 99.54 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 69.68 oz/yd²

(ASTM D1335-17e1) Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 10.5 lbs/force  |  STC Standard: 6.8 lbs/forceg

(ASTM F2765-14) – Lead Content
Result:  <0.5 mg/Kg  |  STC Standard: <100 mg/Kg

(ASTM D2859-16) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass  |  STC Standard: 7 out of 8 Pass

(ASTM F1551-09) – Water Permeability
Result: 320.9 in/hr | STC Standard: Greater than 10 in/hr

(ASTM G154-16) – UV
Result: Color: 9 / Texture: 10
Ratings are on a grade scale of 1-10; 10 = Negligible or No Effect, 9 = Very Slight

(80993G) – Lisport

(FULL TESTING SUMMARY)

(ASTM D 5848-20) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 99.54 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 69.68 oz/yd²

(ASTM D1335-17e1) Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 10.5 lbs/force  |  STC Standard: 6.8 lbs/forceg

(ASTM F2765-14) – Lead Content
Result:  <0.5 mg/Kg  |  STC Standard: <100 mg/Kg

(ASTM D2859-16) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass  |  STC Standard: 7 out of 8 Pass

(ASTM F1551-09) – Water Permeability
Result: 320.9 in/hr |STC Standard: Greater than 10 in/hr

(ASTM G154-16) – UV
Result: Color: 9 / Texture: 10
Ratings are on a grade scale of 1-10; 10 = Negligible or No Effect, 9 = Very Slight

(80993G) – Lisport

(FULL TESTING SUMMARY)

(ASTM D 5848-20) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 99.54 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 69.68 oz/yd²

(ASTM D1335-17e1) Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 10.5 lbs/force  |  STC Standard: 6.8 lbs/forceg

(ASTM F2765-14) – Lead Content
Result:  <0.5 mg/Kg  |  STC Standard: <100 mg/Kg

(ASTM D2859-16) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass  |  STC Standard: 7 out of 8 Pass

(ASTM F1551-09) – Water Permeability
Result: 320.9 in/hr |STC Standard: Greater than 10 in/hr

(ASTM G154-16) – UV
Result: Color: 9 / Texture: 10
Ratings are on a grade scale of 1-10; 10 = Neglibible or No Effect, 9 = Very Slight

(80993G) – Lisport

(FULL TESTING SUMMARY)

(ASTM D 5848-20) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 83.66 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 49.20 oz/yd²

(ASTM D1335-17e1) Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 10.8 lbs/force  |  STC Standard: 6.8 lbs/forceg

(ASTM F2765-14) – Lead Content
Result:  <0.5 mg/Kg  |  STC Standard: <100 mg/Kg

(ASTM D2859-16) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass  |  STC Standard: 7 out of 8 Pass

(ASTM F1551-09) – Water Permeability
Result: 331.3 in/hr |STC Standard: Greater than 10 in/hr

(ASTM G154-16) – UV
Result: Color: 9 / Texture: 10
Ratings are on a grade scale of 1-10; 10 = Neglibible or No Effect, 9 = Very Slight

(80993G) – Lisport

(FULL TESTING SUMMARY)

(ASTM D 5848-20) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 83.66 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 49.20 oz/yd²

(ASTM D1335-17e1) Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 10.8 lbs/force  |  STC Standard: 6.8 lbs/forceg

(ASTM F2765-14) – Lead Content
Result:  <0.5 mg/Kg  |  STC Standard: <100 mg/Kg

(ASTM D2859-16) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass  |  STC Standard: 7 out of 8 Pass

(ASTM F1551-09) – Water Permeability
Result: 331.3 in/hr |STC Standard: Greater than 10 in/hr

(ASTM G154-16) – UV
Result: Color: 9 / Texture: 10
Ratings are on a grade scale of 1-10; 10 = Neglibible or No Effect, 9 = Very Slight

(80993G) – Lisport

(FULL TESTING SUMMARY)

(ASTM D 5848-20) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 67.99 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 37.84 oz/yd²

(ASTM D1335-17e1) Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 11.3 lbs/force  |  STC Standard: 6.8 lbs/forceg

(ASTM F2765-14) – Lead Content
Result:  <0.68 mg/Kg  |  STC Standard: <100 mg/Kg

(ASTM D2859-16) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass  |  STC Standard: 7 out of 8 Pass

(ASTM F1551-09) – Water Permeability
Result: 19.6 in/hr | STC Standard: Greater than 10 in/hr

(ASTM G154-16) – UV
Result: Color: 10 / Texture: 9
Ratings are on a grade scale of 1-10; 10 = Neglibible or No Effect, 9 = Very Slight

(80991H-01) – USGA Stimp Meter
Result: 7.92 Ft. | 8.08 ft.

(80991G-01) – Lisport, 1000 cycles

(ASTM D 5848-20) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 44.80 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 25.03 oz/yd²

(ASTM D1335-17e1) Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 7.8 lbs/force  |  STC Standard: 6.8 lbs/force

(ASTM F2765-14) – Lead Content
Result:  <0.5 mg/Kg  |  STC Standard: <100 mg/Kg

(ASTM D2859-16) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass  |  STC Standard: 7 out of 8 Pass

(ASTM F1551-09) – Water Permeability
Result: 34.6 in/hr | STC Standard: Greater than 10 in/hr

(ASTM G154-16) – UV
Result: Color: 10 / Texture: 10
Ratings are on a grade scale of 1-10; 10 = Neglibible or No Effect

(80993G) – Lisport

(FULL TESTING SUMMARY)

(ASTM D 5848-20) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 63.43 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 41.35 oz/yd²

(ASTM D1335-17e1) Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 9.5 lbs/force  |  STC Standard: 6.8 lbs/force

(ASTM F2765-14) – Lead Content
Result:  <0.5 mg/Kg  |  STC Standard: <100 mg/Kg

(ASTM D2859-16) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass  |  STC Standard: 7 out of 8 Pass

(ASTM F1551-09) – Water Permeability
Result: 80.6 in/hr | STC Standard: Greater than 10 in/hr

(ASTM G154-16) – UV
Result: Color: 10 / Texture: 10
Ratings are on a grade scale of 1-10; 10 = Neglibible or No Effect

(80993G) – Lisport

(ASTM D 5848-20) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 96.59 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 67.19 oz/yd²

(ASTM D1335-17e1) Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 10.4 lbs/force  |  STC Standard: 6.8 lbs/force

(ASTM F2765-14) – Lead Content
Result:  <0.5 mg/Kg  |  STC Standard: <100 mg/Kg

(ASTM D2859-16) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass  |  STC Standard: 7 out of 8 Pass

(ASTM F1551-09) – Water Permeability
Result: 89.8 in/hr | STC Standard: Greater than 10 in/hr

(ASTM G154-16) – UV
Result: Color: 9 / Texture: 10
Ratings are on a grade scale of 1-10; 10 = Neglibible or No Effect, 9 = Very Slight

(80993G) – Lisport

(FULL TESTING SUMMARY)

(ASTM D 5848-20) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 109.22 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 79.84 oz/yd²

(ASTM D1335-17e1) Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 11.5 lbs/force  |  STC Standard: 6.8 lbs/forceg

(ASTM F2765-14) – Lead Content
Result:  <0.5 mg/Kg  |  STC Standard: <100 mg/Kg

(ASTM D2859-16) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass  |  STC Standard: 7 out of 8 Pass

(ASTM F1551-09) – Water Permeability
Result: 41.4 in/hr |STC Standard: Greater than 10 in/hr

(ASTM G154-16) – UV
Result: Color: 10 / Texture: 10
Ratings are on a grade scale of 1-10; 10 = Neglibible or No Effect

(80993G) – Lisport

(FULL TESTING SUMMARY)

(ASTMD 5848-20) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 83.82 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 56.67 oz/yd²

(ASTM D1335-17e1) Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 10.3 lbs/force  |  STC Standard: 6.8 lbs/forceg

(ASTM F2765-14) – Lead Content
Result:  <0.5 mg/Kg  |  STC Standard: <100 mg/Kg

(ASTM D2859-16) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass  |  STC Standard: 7 out of 8 Pass

(ASTM F1551-09) – Water Permeability
Result: 44.7 in/hr | STC Standard: Greater than 10 in/hr

(ASTM G154-16) – UV
Result: Color: 10 / Texture: 10
Ratings are on a grade scale of 1-10; 10 = Negligible or No Effect

(80993G) – Lisport

(FULL TESTING SUMMARY)

(ASTM D 5848-20) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 71.58 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 42.78 oz/yd²

(ASTM D1335-17e1) Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 15.9 lbs/force |  STC Standard: 6.8 lbs/forceg

(ASTM F2765-14) – Lead Content
Result:  <0.5 mg/Kg  |  STC Standard: <100 mg/Kg

(ASTM D2859-16) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass |  STC Standard: 7 out of 8 Pass

(ASTM F1551-09) – Water Permeability
Result: 69.2 in/hr | STC Standard: Greater than 10 in/hr

(ASTM G154-16) – UV
Result: Color: 9 / Texture: 10
Ratings are on a grade scale of 1-10; 10 = Negligible or No Effect, 9 = Very Slight

(80993G) – Lisport

(FULL TESTING SUMMARY)

(ASTM D 5848-20) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 56.44 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 32.01 oz/yd²

(ASTM D1335-17e1) Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 10.1 lbs/force  |  STC Standard: 6.8 lbs/forceg

(ASTM F2765-14) – Lead Content
Result:  <0.5 mg/Kg  |  STC Standard: <100 mg/Kg

(ASTM D2859-16) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass  |  STC Standard: 7 out of 8 Pass

(ASTM F1551-09) – Water Permeability
Result: 65.7 in/hr | STC Standard: Greater than 10 in/hr

(ASTM G154-16) – UV
Result: Color: 10 / Texture: 10
Ratings are on a grade scale of 1-10; 10 = Negligible or No Effect

(80993G) – Lisport

(ASTM D 5848-20) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 79.80 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 50.12 oz/yd²

(ASTM D1335-17e1) Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 15.9 lbs/force  |  STC Standard: 6.8 lbs/force

(ASTM F2765-14) – Lead Content
Result:  <0.5 mg/Kg  |  STC Standard: <100 mg/Kg

(ASTM D2859-16) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass  |  STC Standard: 7 out of 8 Pass

(ASTM F1551-09) – Water Permeability
Result: 69.2 in/hr | STC Standard: Greater than 10 in/hr

(ASTM G154-16) – UV
Result: Color: 9 / Texture: 10
Ratings are on a grade scale of 1-10; 10 = Negligible or No Effect, 9 = Very Slight

(80993G) – Lisport

(ASTM D 5848-20) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 93 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 58.78 oz/yd²

(ASTM D1335-17e1) Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 15.9 lbs/force  |  STC Standard: 6.8 lbs/force

(ASTM F2765-14) – Lead Content
Result:  <0.5 mg/Kg  |  STC Standard: <100 mg/Kg

(ASTM D2859-16) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass  |  STC Standard: 7 out of 8 Pass

(ASTM F1551-09) – Water Permeability
Result: 69.2 in/hr | STC Standard: Greater than 10 in/hr

(ASTM G154-16) – UV
Result: Color: 9 / Texture: 10
Ratings are on a grade scale of 1-10; 10 = Negligible or No Effect, 9 = Very Slight

(80993G) – Lisport

Full Testing Summary

(ASTM D 5848-20) – Product Weight
Total Product Weight: 96.94 oz/yd²
Pile Yarn Weight: 65.07 oz/yd²

(ASTM D1335-17e1) Tuft Bind Strength
Result: 14.0 lbs/force  |  STC Standard: 6.8 lbs/forceg

(ASTM F2765-14) – Lead Content
Result:  <0.5 mg/Kg  |  STC Standard: <100 mg/Kg

(ASTM D2859-16) – Pill Flammability
Result: 8 out of 8 Pass  |  STC Standard: 7 out of 8 Pass

(ASTM F1551-09) – Water Permeability
Result: 70.3 in/hr |STC Standard: Greater than 10 in/hr

(ASTM G154-16) – UV
Result: Color: 9 / Texture: 10
Ratings are on a grade scale of 1-10; 10 = Neglibible or No Effect, 9 = Very Slight

(80993G) – Lisport